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Iconografia di Helios su monete greche


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Ciao a tutti , volevo il maggior numero di informazioni per quanto riguarda le rappresentazioni e l'iconografia di Helios sulla monetazione greca, inoltre volevo sapere dove ricorreva oltre alle monete di Rodi. Grazie a tutti.

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Posso contribuire con qualche moneta di Alessandro Magno e consanguinei già descritta nella discussione ‘Le monete più attraenti di Alessandro Magno’ nei post a seguire, oltre ai due eccezionali esemplari dell’Arcadia e di Rodi qui riportati.

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ARCADIA. Arcadian League. Cleitor. Late fourth century to early mid-third century BC. Silver triobol (2.65 g). Radiate facing head of Helios, cloak tied around neck / ΚΛΗ, bull butting right, above its lowered head centaur galloping right and hurling branch. BMC 4-5. Imhoof-Blumer 183. SNG Copenhagen 224. Traité III pl. CCXXV, 27. An exceptional specimen. Reverse slightly double struck. Beautifully toned. Extremely fine.

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ISLANDS OFF CARIA. Rhodes. Ca. 125–88 BC. Gold stater (8.44 g). Radiate head of Helios facing, inclined slightly to right / P—O, rose with bud on right, grain stalk on left, above moneyer’s signature ANTAIOY, all in shallow incuse square. Jenkins, KME, p. 111 and pl. xxxiv, 203 (this coin). Cf. T. Hackens, “Trésor hellénistique trouvé à Delos,” BCH 89 (1965), p. 525, 5–6. Of the greatest rarity. A few scattered marks, otherwise good very ne.

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Tra le monete pubblicate nel classico testo del Price ‘The coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus’, troviamo la testa di Helios raffigurata frontalmente come simbolo di controllo sul rovescio di alcuni stateri e alcuni tetradrammi dei due sovrani del titolo.

Inoltre tale simbolo compare anche come contromarca su alcuni tetradrammi.

Statere di Filippo III Arridèo

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Kingdom of Macedon. Philip III, Arrhidaios, 323-317 BC. Probably minted at Babylon. Alexander the Great type Gold Stater (8.54 g) in the name of Philip III. Head of Athena right in triple-crested helmet decorated with springing griffin. Reverse: Nike advancing left, holding wreath and stylis; in lower left field, radiate head of Helios facing; in lower right field, "KY". Price P-203; Müller P-116. Superb style on both obverse and reverse. Boldly struck and perfectly centered. Mint State with lovely rose toning.

# 450

Tetradramma di Filippo III Arridèo

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KINGS of MACEDON. Philip III Arrhidaios. 323-317 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 17.07 g, 4h). Babylon mint. Struck under Archon, Dokimos, or Seleukos I, circa 323-318/7 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / ΦIΛIΠΠOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, facing head of Helios, drapery at neck; KY below throne. Price P205; SNG München 971; SNG Alpha Bank –; SNG Saroglos –. EF, toned. Exceptional for issue.

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Tetradrammi “Helios” di Alessandro Magno

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KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (17.13 g). Babylon mint. Struck under Philip III, circa 323-317 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress / AEXANDROY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; radiate head of Helios above small T• in left field, KY below throne. Price 3698; Müller -. EF.

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KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.89 g, 10h). Babylon mint. Struck under Perdikkas, circa 323-320 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / AEXANDROY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; in left field, facing head of Helios above N; KY below throne. Price 3698 var. (T not N). Good VF.

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KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III. 336-323 BC. AR Tetradrachm (16.94 g). Klazomenai mint. Civic issue, struck circa 225-200 BC. Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress / AEXANDROY, Zeus seated left, holding eagle and sceptre; in left field, forepart of winged boar left above facing head of Helios. Price -; Hersh, Additions -; Müller -. Good VF, light double strike on reverse. Rare mint, and an unpublished variety.

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Tetradrammi di Alessandro Magno contromarcati “Helios”

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Tetradramma (16,82 g, 28 mm), zecca di Aspendo, in Panfilia (Asia Minore), anno 27 (ca 186/5 a. C.); Price 2909.

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PAMPHYLIA, Aspendos. AR Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.38 g, 1h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Dated CY 25 (188/7 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; AΣ/KE in left field; c/m: radiate head of Helios facing. Price 2904. VF, lightly toned.

(segue)

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(segue)

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Macedonian Kingdom. Alexander III 'the Great'. 336-323 B.C. AR tetradrachm (29 mm, 16.25 g, 12 h). Phaselis, year 25 (ca. 194/3 B.C.). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion's skin headdress / Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; in left field, date (KE) above Phi; c/m: radiate head of Helios facing within circular incuse. Cf. Price 2868 (placement of date and mint-mark switched); cf. Heipp-Tamer 299-302 (V40/R-, rev. die not listed). Fine.

Come sopra con contromarca nel campo a sinistra invece che sotto il trono

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MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). AR tetradrachm (16.62 gm). Phaselis, year 25 (ca. 194/3 BC). Head of Heracles right, wearing lion's skin headdress / Zeus seated left, holding eagle and scepter; in left field, (Phi) over date (KE); c/m: radiate and draped bust of Helios facing within circular incuse. Price 2868. Heipp-Tamer 302 (V40/R139). Very fine.

(segue)

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(segue)

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PAMPHYLIA, Perge. AR Tetradrachm (28mm, 16.65 g, 12h). In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Dated CY 24 (198/7 BC). Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin / Zeus Aëtophoros seated left; KΔ in left field; c/m: radiate head of Helios facing. Price 2938. VF, toned.

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Scusa, ma quale potrebbe essere il significato della testa di Helios usata come simbolo di controllo ???

Una sorta di marchio di zecca.

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ma è possibile che più zecche diverse utilizzino lo stesso marchio????

Certo che era possibile che diverse zecche utilizzassero lo stesso simbolo, essendo l'elemento discriminante tra loro il monogramma associato al simbolo stesso.

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Tengo a precisare che la testa di Helios raffigurata frontalmente è un simbolo caratteristico della zecca di Babilonia. Le contromarche con la stessa figura sono un'altra cosa. Ciò non toglie che alcuni simboli, magari con differenze stilistiche, siano caratteristici di più zecche. Ad es., il caduceo e la foglia d'edera sono caratteristici di una ventina di zecche di diverse città che hanno coniato monete del Grande.

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