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Le monete più attraenti di Filippo II di Macedonia

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Nella descrizione di questo esemplare Taf. 46,17 di un’asta Hirsch precedente il segno del colpo di controllo (Prüfhieb) al centro del rovescio è correttamente segnalato.

Gerhard Hirsch Nachfolger, Auction 287, lot 1818, 07.02.2013


Makedonien, Amphipolis.
Tetradrachme. Belorbeerter Zeuskopf r. Rs: Reiter mit Zweig r. Beizeichen Aplustrum. Le Rider Taf. 46,17. 13.64g. Rs. Prüfhieb. gutes ss.


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Uno degli ultimi tetradrammi tipologici di Filippo coniati ad Anfipoli, proveniente dalla Nomos, Auction 7, lotto 48.


Kings of Macedon
Philip II. 359-336 BC.
Tetradrachm (Silver, 14.25 g 6), Amphipolis, struck c. 315/4-295/4 BC. Laureate head of Zeus to right. Rev. ΦIΛIΠΠOΥ Young jockey, holding palm branch and reins, riding horse to right; below horse, Λ over torch; below horse’s foreleg, kerykeion. Le Rider pl. 48, 2. SNG ANS 809. A very bold and attractive example. Toned. Extremely fine. From the Mieza collection, acquired privately.

This was one of the latest Philip-type tetradrachms struck at Amphipolis. It is very possible that this issue either influenced the first Celtic imitations of this type that were made in the Balkans, or, possibly, the engraver who made this piece later worked for a Celtic mint.



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Molto interessante dal punto di vista stilistico e storico questo esemplare della Numismatica Ars Classica, Zurich   |   Auction 78   | Lot. 167.


Celtic Coins 
Eastern Celts in the Danube region and Balkans 
The Odrisay (?). Tetradrachm imitating late Philip II issue, early 3rd century BC, AR 14.00 g. Laureate head of Zeus r., in upper r. field, labrys. Rev. 
ΦIΛIΠΠ - OΥ Boy riding on horse at pace r., holding long palm branch and reins; below, caduceus and Λ / torch. Le Rider –, cf. pl. 48, 2. OTA –, cf. pl. 4, type 14. Kostial, Lanz –, cf. 365. Dambski –, cf. for reverse 954-957. An apparently unrecorded variety. Struck on a very broad flan and good very fine

The style and fabric of this tetradrachm place it among a great variety of ‘Celtic’ issues from the Danube basin. The earliest imitative coins of the region copy the tetradrachms of the Macedonian King Philip II, especially the variety that was struck in large quantities after his death. They are found in a broad swath of land that includes the ring of the Carpathian mountains in western Romania to central Wallachia and Moldavia, to south of the Danube into the Bulgarian plain. The earliest examples of this type date to the late 4th through the early 3rd Century B.C. This coin is of extraordinary interest due to the labrys (bipennis) before the head of Zeus. This distinctive weapon sometimes was associated with Zeus, and, seemingly, also with Zalmoxis, the supreme (or only) deity of the Getae, a people of the lower Danube. However, its most common use on coinage in northern Greece was by rulers of a Thracian tribe, the Odrysai. The peculiar and prominent location of the labrys on this coin may indicate that it was issued by an Odrysian chieftain whose authority was subject to the oversight of the reigning Macedonian king. One other specimen has been noted in the market; its style and fabric are compatible with the present coin, though it is struck from different dies, with its reverse having a thunderbolt under the horse rather than the torch, lambda and caduceus that mark the reverse of this coin. As a dynastic symbol of the Odrysians, the labrys was a main coin type for the rulers Metokos, Amatokos, and Teres II. One relatively common bronze of Amatokos that uses the labrys as its principal type has above it a caduceus, a symbol that is shown prominently on the reverse of this tetradrachm. Topalov notes that the labrys was an Odrysian royal badge, replete with connotations of political and religious authority. Specifically, the labrys was used by one of the two branches of Odrysian royalty descended from Teres I that issued coins in the period c.444 to c.342/0 B.C. Topalov suggests the labrys was the royal badge of the line comprised of Sitalkes, Satokos(?), Metokos, Amatokos and Teres II. Three other royal Odrysian lines were founded by sons of Teres I, one of which simultaneously issued coins in this period. That line, comprised of Seuthes I, Hebryzelmis, Kotys I and Kersebleptes, used as their royal badge a two-handle vessel, which is the principal design of their coinages. The find-sites for coins produced by the chieftains who identified themselves with the labrys suggest that they ruled part of the upper reaches of the Maritsa and Toundja rivers, principally in the regions of the Bulgarian city of Pazardjik and western part of Plovdiv. Though inland, this area had easy access to the Aegean through Abdera and Maroneia. If this tetradrachm was struck by an Odrysain chief, we might suggest it emanated from the same region in which his ancestors had issued their plentiful coinage.


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Apprezzo maggiormente il dritto della Nomos, e il rovescio dell'Ars Classica, stupendo..


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