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apollonia

Gettoni del Guatemala

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apollonia
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Gettone ovale in bronzo (29 x 20 mm) da 2 Reales dell’azienda agricola Morelia in Guatemala (ca. 1880).

1840577269_GettoneGuatemala.jpg.0d33e8e11a2b96f1675f1dd345cb3333.jpg

Il gettone era dato come salario ai lavoratori dell’azienda che potevano usarlo come moneta nelle strutture aziendali.

655314947_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.150f78aebd7cb3a6153b223d9b3b0543.jpg

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apollonia
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Gettone di una prossima asta https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5895&category=195096&lot=4919733

4919733l.thumb.jpg.3a9ef4b727aba39a90dee891c834c7bc.jpg

GUATEMALA: token (4.00g), 1878, Rulau-Gma 278, 22mm silvered bronze token for Cafetal La Esperanza (floral ornament) / ER monogram / 1878 // (floral ornament) / CAFETAL / (rosette) LA (rosette) / ESPERANZA/ (ornament), plain edge, EF. Rulau indictes this token is made in copper-nickel, but this piece is clearly silver-washed bronze. Perhaps he was dealing with an uncirculated piece and couldn't see the under-metal.
 

125322444_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.25b834feb151d65c57c247ba166ac4e8.jpg

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apollonia
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Gettone ovale in ottone (5,5 g, diametro 20 mm) da 2 Peso dell’azienda agricola Miramar in Guatemala in attività dal 1876. Il gettone era una forma di pagamento dei raccoglitori di caffè della fattoria ed era spendibile nelle struttura interne.

943436057_GettoneGuatemale2Miramarottonecomp.jpg.050aa465d8738f7f9e45c53c29beeb2a.jpg

 

1489952238_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.ca0fb35c6145ef54c8d7c809614a397e.jpg

 

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Sirlad

Complimenti, trovo questi token guatemaltechi molto affascinanti e carichi di storia.

Edited by Sirlad

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apollonia
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Gettone della United Fruit Company, una società americana fondata nel 1899 che commerciava in frutta tropicale (principalmente banane) coltivata in piantagioni latinoamericane e venduta negli Stati Uniti e in Europa.

1390777328_GettoneUnitedFruitGuatemala.JPG.e0a61f652d05b34f6dfb358f0c3775eb.JPG

Pagando i lavoratori in gettoni anzichè in contanti, il datore di lavoro costringeva il dipendente a spendere i suoi soldi negli empori aziendali, rendendolo ancora più dipendente da lui e aprendo un'altra via di sfruttamento.

1666501818_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.582886231e048d4fe06ff11764c2f836.jpg

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apollonia
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1 Peso - Miramar Coffee harvester token 11 g – ø 33.30 mm

2009944214_GettoneGuatemala1PesoMiramar.JPG.a91c0275646b0b2a90a2092d8bca19b7.JPG

 

https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces92530.html

 

1447161671_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.4c4baabb7eeebf0328bded0e80d40977.jpg

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apollonia
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apollonia
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Wage Token - 1 Jornal Finca La Florida Coffee

917489544_GettoneGuatemalaLaFlorida.JPG.101ea5e054cefeed019c70d2644ea756.JPG

https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces92579.html

433765347_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.dd45e5ad6f8e197fa0ba63187e38b318.jpg

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apollonia
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2 Peso - Guatemala Osuna Rochela harvester token

416247425_GettoneGuatemalavalore2.JPG.81e2dce8999b16a07fcbe239f5a865c1.JPG

https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces92580.html

201935546_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.d61b973b9b4ddc4601f3aa9438be6625.jpg

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apollonia
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Wage Token - 4 Reales Finca La Florida Coffee

882318691_GettoneGuatemalevalore4.JPG.0783f141bed91cdc264011d23dc54dfd.JPG

https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces92578.html

 

972970792_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.c51d1e7df3093965d54c93b4fee832ff.jpg

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apollonia
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Transito Bolivar from the Finca San Rodolfo collection.

102649284_GettoneGuatemalaTransitoBolivar.JPG.001b78c82717983ec8ce772003643217.JPG

From the Finca San Rodolfo collection.

The government of Guatemala did not ban the use of tokens in payment of wages until 1925. This is in line with the feudal nature of the Guatemalan economy, where a few landed barons lorded over masses of penniless peasants.

646325124_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.850f7c59802102607c7d9f80e31de870.jpg

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apollonia
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Finca Santa Ynes.

141430654_GettoniGuatemalaSantaYnes.JPG.781cebbb6951e00b729c73684db4c4d6.JPG

From the Finca San Rodolfo collection.

In general, tokens are neglected by collectors and do not fetch prices anywhere near those realized by coins of equivalent rarity. Many tokens are undocumented and their issuers and dates of issues are unknown.

238259864_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.56b63efb50667151dec0a40e4efdeb17.jpg

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apollonia
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Finca Sandoval

583487105_GettoneGuatemalafincaSandoval.JPG.9ceaf387211fdcbfa664362e0df6ca43.JPG

281175882_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.5cfbcdd3aaf073c7f42282fb744410fd.jpg

 

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apollonia
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Finca San Vicente

1431862145_GettoniGuatemalaSanVincente.JPG.78012cac90b330bcef5869243c4c1d77.JPG

878119189_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.73c74269456c09ec328df2c72382302a.jpg

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apollonia
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Finca San Andres Osuna.

1579464734_GettoniGuatemalaSanAndresOsuna.JPG.2758ccf6abd63b4331133f880f745900.JPG

362969171_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.057b69e2beacd74cbdd02fd38e9d42a6.jpg

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apollonia
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Altri gettoni San Andres Osuna.

277506679_GettoniGuatemalaaltrisanandresosuna.JPG.7651abcbb705b22b0b14095daf9e3215.JPG

The hacienda of San Andres Osuna issued a whole series of tokens starting in 1878. Shown here are Rulau numbers Gma 179, Gma 181, Gma 182, all copper or brass.

2037556023_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.52c805cae4ba5c470dda923cbb3efcc4.jpg

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apollonia
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Justo Rufino Barrios

1106982235_GettoneGuatemalaferrovia.JPG.617e3b88a15565966ee2eb2a843b9268.JPG

Justo Rufino Barrios, president of Guatemala 1873-85, issued this silver token in 1884, honoring the first steam locomotive in Guatemala. Silver is a very unusual material for a token, cheapness of manufacture being a primary consideration.

407387988_Giovenalefirmaconingleseetedescook.jpg.e5a6cb806336a54d386d002c060db98a.jpg

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