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Gettoni del Guatemala


apollonia
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Gettone ovale in bronzo (29 x 20 mm) da 2 Reales dell’azienda agricola Morelia in Guatemala (ca. 1880).

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Il gettone era dato come salario ai lavoratori dell’azienda che potevano usarlo come moneta nelle strutture aziendali.

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Gettone di una prossima asta https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5895&category=195096&lot=4919733

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GUATEMALA: token (4.00g), 1878, Rulau-Gma 278, 22mm silvered bronze token for Cafetal La Esperanza (floral ornament) / ER monogram / 1878 // (floral ornament) / CAFETAL / (rosette) LA (rosette) / ESPERANZA/ (ornament), plain edge, EF. Rulau indictes this token is made in copper-nickel, but this piece is clearly silver-washed bronze. Perhaps he was dealing with an uncirculated piece and couldn't see the under-metal.
 

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Gettone ovale in ottone (5,5 g, diametro 20 mm) da 2 Peso dell’azienda agricola Miramar in Guatemala in attività dal 1876. Il gettone era una forma di pagamento dei raccoglitori di caffè della fattoria ed era spendibile nelle struttura interne.

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Gettone della United Fruit Company, una società americana fondata nel 1899 che commerciava in frutta tropicale (principalmente banane) coltivata in piantagioni latinoamericane e venduta negli Stati Uniti e in Europa.

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Pagando i lavoratori in gettoni anzichè in contanti, il datore di lavoro costringeva il dipendente a spendere i suoi soldi negli empori aziendali, rendendolo ancora più dipendente da lui e aprendo un'altra via di sfruttamento.

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Transito Bolivar from the Finca San Rodolfo collection.

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From the Finca San Rodolfo collection.

The government of Guatemala did not ban the use of tokens in payment of wages until 1925. This is in line with the feudal nature of the Guatemalan economy, where a few landed barons lorded over masses of penniless peasants.

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Finca Santa Ynes.

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From the Finca San Rodolfo collection.

In general, tokens are neglected by collectors and do not fetch prices anywhere near those realized by coins of equivalent rarity. Many tokens are undocumented and their issuers and dates of issues are unknown.

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Altri gettoni San Andres Osuna.

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The hacienda of San Andres Osuna issued a whole series of tokens starting in 1878. Shown here are Rulau numbers Gma 179, Gma 181, Gma 182, all copper or brass.

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Justo Rufino Barrios

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Justo Rufino Barrios, president of Guatemala 1873-85, issued this silver token in 1884, honoring the first steam locomotive in Guatemala. Silver is a very unusual material for a token, cheapness of manufacture being a primary consideration.

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Counterstamped centavos of 1871

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From the Finca San Rodolfo collection.

The 1871 centavo, being produced in large numbers yet unwanted and unused, was a common subject of couterstamping for use as a token. Some, by no means all, are shown here.

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Finca El Carmen

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From the Finca San Rodolfo collection

This issue seems to be recent, being dated 1968-69. It is printed on a luggage tag and was probably not meant for hard use.

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