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Mirko8710

Domiziano, Denario

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Mirko8710

Ecco, invece, un bel Denario entrato nella collezione diverso tempo fa. Comprato da un noto commerciante, presente anche sul Forum, con regolare ricevuta.

Tito Flavio Domiziano, Denario

Diametro: 18mm

Al D/ CAESAR DIVI F DOMITIANVS COS VII, testa laureata dell'Imperatore rivolta verso destra. Legenda in senso antiorario e rovesciata.

Al R/ PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, elmo corinzio su di un altare.

Roma, 80 d.C.

RIC II 271 (Nuova Edizione), 51 (Vecchia Edizione), Comune

Questo Denario è stato coniato quando Tito era Imperatore e Domiziano Principe.

Tito, da un anno imperatore aveva negato varie titolature a Domiziano, escludendolo di fatto da svariati affari di Stato, ma lo proclamò lo stesso come suo successore. Alla sua morte (nell'81), Domiziano partì subito per Roma e si fece acclamare subito Imperatore ricevendo il titolo di Augusto.

Nell'80 Domiziano, come scritto nella moneta, ottenne il 7° consolato. Di questi solo uno in precedenza fu ordinario, quello del 73, il 3°, gli altri tutti suffeti.

Per quanto riguarda il rovescio PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS, il Principe della Gioventù, possiamo dire che questo era il titolo dato ai figli degli Imperatori, in questo caso Tito e Domiziano, rispetto al padre Vespasiano.

Con questa titolatura erano patroni di un'istituzione chiamata Juventus, che preparava i giovani, mediante giochi ed esercitazioni alla vita militare per diventare un giorno ufficiali di coorti e legioni.

Fu Augusto a proclamare per la prima volta i suoi figli adottivi, Gaio Cesare e Lucio Cesare Principi della Gioventù commemorando l'evento con una moneta.

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Come ogni istituzione anch'essi ebbero bisogno di Dio da cui farsi proteggere e i Sodales Iuventutis scelsero Ercole, perché sposo della Dea Ebe, considerata, appunto la Dea della Giovinezza, Iuventas.

Essa la troviamo in un Denario di Marco Aurelio, RIC 423a

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A testimoniare questa associazione abbiamo anche un'epigrafe, rinvenuta a Taranto vicino al teatro dove si addestravano i Sodales Ivventutis:

CIL IX 6152

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Per quanto riguarda la raffigurazione dell'elmo direi che ci rifacciamo agli aspetti di addestramento nella Juventus, addestramento che spettava a pochi eletti, ai figli degli Augusti e a quelli delle famiglie più ricche. Dopo averlo introdotto a Roma fu utilizzato solo per un breve tempo, prima che ci si accorgesse degli elevati costi di produzione e il suo uso fu limitato agli esponenti più ricchi della società romana. L'elmo fu importato dalla Grecia e prende il nome dalla città di Corinto.

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Per una carrellata di immagini di elmi su monete vi consiglio questa discussione di Daniele Alberti: http://www.lamoneta....pic/40226-elmi/

Per ultima la mia moneta, fotografata maluccio, ma nemmeno troppo, peccato per quello sfregio nella guancia, nel complesso comunque un esemplare gradevole e patinata a dovere (la foto non rende). Un esemplare, a mio avviso, degno di stare nella MIA collezione.

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Ovviamente attendo il contributo di tutti per aggiungere dettagli e particolari che mi sono sfuggiti :)

Mirko :)

Modificato da Mirko8710

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FlaviusDomitianus

Bella moneta, la mia è un po' più usurata.

Come per gran parte dei denari di Domiziano, il medesimo soggetto è stato replicato anche sugli aurei (o piuttosto viceversa).

Propongo questo da acsearch, venduto da UBS nel 2006 per circa 4000 euro (probabilmente oggi costerebbe di più).

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Certo che l'oro offre una profondità di dettaglio difficile da eguagliare.

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balkan

Bella discussione ben argomentata e bella moneta e piacerebbe anche a me averne una da mettere in collezione.

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Exergus

Ottimo acquisto ;)

Ciao, Exergus

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rick2

bella moneta

piace anche a me

complimenti

posso chiedere quanto l hai pagata ?

mandami anche un MP

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gpittini

DE GREGE EPICURI

A parte la bella moneta, mi pare un argomento davvero interessante. La legenda PRINCEPS IUVENTUTIS con le sue varianti (ad es. la più rara IUVENTAS) compare molto spesso nel 2° e nel 3° secolo, ed è collegata strettamente al tema dinastico. Infatti, se è comparsa con Domiziano (in quanto figlio di un imperatore) poi la troviamo in Filippo Figlio, in Massimo figlio di Massimino, in Valeriano 2° figlio di Gallieno, ed infine in Costantino 1° in quanto figlio di Costanzo Cloro. Per quest'ultimo, però, c'era la complicazione del "principio tetrarchico" definito da Diocleziano, in base al quale in un primo tempo Costantino era stato escluso, a vantaggio di Massimino Daza. Fra l'altro (ma c'entra poco) ho letto recentemente la descrizione della investitura di Massimino e dello "scorno" di Costantino (forse ne "La morte dei persecutori" di Lattanzio).

Insomma, la cosa strana della moneta che ora mostro è che Costantino ha già il titolo di Augusto, ma al R riporta un PRINCIPI IUVENTUTIS!

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Mirko8710

Grazie a tutti!

Bellissimo l'aureo Flavius!!

Grazie Gianfranco del contributo!

Da quanto ho letto Costantino con la legenda in questione commemorò la salita a rango di Principe di tutti e 3 i suoi figli, di fatto l'emissione di tale moneta dovrebbe coincidere con gli anni in questione che dovrebbero essere:

Costantino II -> 317 d.C.

Costanzo II -> 324 d.C:

Costante I -> 333 d.C.

Direi che come propaganda ci possa stare visto che ci fu un'emissione abbastanza omogenea in tutto l'Impero.

Se non ho letto male, inoltre, ci dovrebbero essere anche due bronzetti che commemorano Costantino stesso, ma la legenda è "NOB C".

Ho notato, inoltre, che Costantino ha emesso una moneta con legenda: PRINCIPI IVVENT B R P NAT, "al Principe dei Giovani nato per il bene dell'Impero". Il problema è che non sono riuscito a trovare immagini di questa moneta da nessuna parte. Ora sarei curioso...

Nikko se sai qualcosa intervieni ;)

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Mirko8710

Purtroppo Nikko non può rispondere direttamente nel Topic e mi ha mandato un MP con un immagine della moneta su scritta.

A dire il vero non è la moneta specifica, ma i soggetti rappresentati dovrebbero essere quelli, visto che anche lui non ha trovato immagini della PRINCIPI IVVENT B R P NAT ma ha saputo dirmi che è descritta come "Imperatore reggente globo e scettro".

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Grazie Nikko ;)

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Illyricum65

Ciao a tutti e

complimenti per l’interessante discussione postata dall’amico Mirko e per gli interventi successivi.

Ad una ricerca da me svolta con un unico motore di ricerca ho ottenuto ben 552 risultati; dopo aver eliminato le monete già proposte e quelle doppie, ho creato una galleria di monete sul tema PRINCIPES IVVENTVTIS (o similari) che mi appresto a presentare.

Comincio con un noto dupondio di Caligola:

CALIGULA (37-41), AE dupondius, 40-41, Rome. Right: C CAESAR DIVI AVG PRON AVG PM TR P IIII PP S C. Large Reverse: NERO AND CAESARS DRVSVS The two elder brothers of Caligula iuventutis presented as principles, on horseback right. Ref.: BMC 157, 70, RIC 49. 15.35 g. Very Rare. Brown patina.

CLAUDIUS AND NERO. Aureus 51 AD, "TI CAESAR AVG GERM PM CLAVD TRIB POT PP, belorbeerter head of Claudius right. Rs: "NERO CAES CLAVD DRVSVS GERM PRINC IVVENT" mere draped bust of Nero Caesar left. C. 4 var (Rs. bust right = write error?). RIC 82nd Calico 391 b. 7.52 g. RR. These issues refer to the succession of Claudius, who adopted 50 AD, Nero, the son of his fourth wife Agrippina, from his first marriage. The following year, in addition to other honors Nero princeps Iuventutis and shown as clearly as his successor. His only competition was Britannicus, the natural son of Claudius and Messalina. Even without firm evidence speaks a lot of evidence that Agrippina poisoned her husband by Nero the Emperor's throne in front of a strengthening of the position of Britannicus secure. This informed a few months later that his father's fate and was also poisoned.

Nero Claudius Drusus Caesar Germanicus Cesare (50-54), 51AD.

Workshop Name: Gaul, Lyon

Metal: Silver

Diameter: 17.5 mm

Axis corner 3h.

Weight: 3.68 g.

Rarity: R3

No. in reference books: c.97 (20f.) - RIC.79 - BMC/RE.93 - RSC.97 (350 pounds) - RCV.1917

Titulature obverse: [NERO] CLAVDIO DRVSO GERM COS DESIGN.

Obverse description:Draped Bust, bareheaded Nero's left, seen in three quarters before (A ° 01).

Translation obverse: "Claudio Neroni Druso Germanicus Consul Designate" (A Nero Drusus Claude Germanic, consul-elect).

Titulature backhand EQVESTER / OR. DO / PRINCIPI / IVVENT.

Description setbacks: Legend in four lines in a votive shield, crossed vertically by a spear.

Reverse translation: "Principi Iuventutis Equester Ordo" (The equestrian order to the Prince of youth).

Comment about this issue: Lightweight. Ribbons type 3. In his corpus of Lyon, Giard noted twelve copies with equal parts of right corner of reverse. It is nonetheless a rare and mint dynastic struck at the time of adoption of Nero as Caesar. We found no association of relevant corner. Early deterioration of the corner of setbacks over the legend.

Comments: Nero was the heir to Claude at the expense of his own son, Britannicus. Young Caesar, he took the titles of "Prince of Youth" and "Head of the priestly colleges.Nero was admitted to the major priestly colleges before the legal age. He also said the Prince of youth. This type also exists in the gold aureus (CBN. 91).

NERO, as Caesar. 50-54 AD. Æ Sestertius (25.45 gm). Thracian mint. Struck 51 AD. NERONI CLAVDIO DRVSO GERMANICO COS DESIG, bare-headed and draped bust right / EQVESTER / OR-DO / PRINCIPI / IVVENT in four lines across shield; vertical spear behind. RIC I 108; von Kaenel, SNR 63 (1984), N4 and Tafel 25, 38; BMCRE pg. 195 note; BN 288; Cohen 99; Gorny & Mosch 117 (14 October 2002), lot 480. See also RPC I pp. 311 and 319 for a discussion of this issue. EF, brown surfaces, some smoothing and tooling.

Latin coins (sestertii and dupondii) in the name of Britannicus, Agrippina Jr., and the young Nero have been found localized in the Balkan region, and were most likely struck at a local mint servicing the legions guarding the border. Only four specimens of the sestertius were known to von Kaenel: one in the Berlin Museum, one in the British Museum, one in the Bibliothèque Nationale and a fourth that appeared in Sternberg 12 (18-19 November 1982, lot 543). The missing S C is consistent with a provincial issue not issued under the nominal authority of the Roman Senate. RPC I proposed Perinthus as a mint, though always prefacing any opinion with "if any of them are genuine." Since that volume's publication, more examples from the Balkans have appeared on the market, all of which clearly appear genuine.

Nero 54-68 AD

- as Caesar 50-54. Aureus (7,52 g), Rom 50/54. Av.: NERO CLAVD CAES DRVSVS GERM PRINC IVVENT, drapierte Büste links. Rv.: SACERD COOPT IN OMN CONL SVPRA NVM EX SC um Priestergeräte. RIC:76, C:311. s.sch.

NERO (54 - 68)

d=19 mm

Denar, 51, Lugdunum. NERO CLAVD CAES DRVSVS GERM PRINC IVVENT. Drapierte Büste links. Rs: SACERD COOPT IN OMN CONL SVPRA NVM EX S C. Schöpfkelle und Augurenstab über Dreifuß und Opferschale. RIC 77. C. 312. BMC 87. CBN 93. 3,67g. Sehr selten. Sehr schön.

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Illyricum65

Dopo Nerone i Flavii, con il padre Vespasiano per primo:

Vespasian, 69-79, for Domitian. Aureus, 74, Rome, 7.34 g. Kopf r. with laurel wreath / / Princeps IVVENTVT-Spes is l. to flower. BMC 155; Calico 912 (this copy); Coh. 374; RIC ² 787th

Excellent copy on a wide Schrötling

The reverse shows clearly that Vespasian and Domitian regarded as a possible heir to the throne that is clearly reflected in the appointment to Princeps Iuventutis and the figure of Spes expressed.

Poi Tito:

TITUS, Titus Flavius VespasianusCo-emperor. Denario. 79 AD?

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: Silver

Diameter: 17mm

Axis corner 5h.

Weight: 3.27 g.

Rarity: SINGLE

No reference in literature: C. - - RIC .- - BMC/RE.- - RSC .- - BN/R.-

Titulature obverse: T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS.

Description obverse laureate head of Titus right (O *).

Translation obverse: 'Imperator Titus Caesar Vespasianus' (Titus Caesar Vespasian emperor).

Titulature backhand PRINCEPS - IVVENTVTIS.

Description setbacks:Half-naked Venus standing right, holding an apple in his right hand and scepter transverse in left, left arm leaning on a column.

Reverse translation: "Princeps Iuventutis" (prince of Youth).

Comment about this issue: Seems completely new and unlisted. Loss of all works consulted. Of the greatest rarity.

Comments: This is copied from the coinage of Octavian (RCV. 1547), struck at Rome or in Italy in 32-31 BC The legend of law occurs on the minting of money for 74 years 79. For the reverse, this type is known for the year 79 Titus August associated with the ninth power of the tribunes and the seventh consulate after June 23, 1979. It will still be used next year associate in the eighth and the fifteenth consulate imperial acclamation. This type of setback is never associated with the legend "Princeps Iuventutis.It is also found for Julia Titi, daughter of Titus and the legend of setbacks, "Venus Aug (RRS 2611-2612) and on the rarest of Domitia cistophores with the caption" Venus Aug (RRS 2903). In any case, Venus is associated with the legend "Princeps Iuventutis" and is related to counterfeiting Titus associated with co-emperor Vespasian. We are indeed in the presence of a completely new penny and which must find its place in the base year 79, between January 1 and June 24, 1979.

Ma chi fa la parte del leone è Domiziano, che oltre al denario già presentato ne conia altri con legenda inerente il principato:

Domitian, Titus Flavius Vespasian Caesar Domitianus, 74 AD Denier

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: Silver

Diameter: 18mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 3.25 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: VG +

No reference in literature: RCV.2640

Titulature obverse: CAESAR AVG F - DOMiT COS III.

Description obverse laureate head of Domitian right (O *).

Translation obverse: "Caesar Augusti Filius Domitianus Consul tertius" (son of Augustus Caesar Domitian consul for the third time).

Titulature backhand PRINCEPS - IVVENTVT.

Description backhand Spes (Hope) draped walking left, holding a flower in his right hand and under the skirt of his robe with his left hand.

Domitian 81-96

Denarius (3.39 g), 80 Av Rome. CAESAR AVG F COS DOMITIANVS VII, belorb. Head right Rv. Prínceps IVVENTVTIS, Salus is right leaning on pillar, snake feeding. RIC 40, C: 386; somewhat rough surface f.vzgl.

Domitian , Titus Flavius Caesar under Titus Domitianus, Denier, 80 AD

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: Silver

Diameter: 19mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 2.85 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: VG +

Comments on the state of conservation: Small metal defect before the portrait to the right. Nice portrait and reverse interesting.

No reference in literature: RCV.2675 ($ 440)

Titulature obverse CAESAR DIVI F COS DOMITIANVS VII.

Description obverse laureate head of Domitian right (O *).

Translation obverse: 'Caesar Divi Filius Domitianus SEPTIMUM Consul' (Caesar, son of the divine (Vespasian), Domitian consul for the seventh time).

Titulature backhand PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS.

Description setbacks: Goat standing left within a wreath of laurel.

Reverse translation: 'Princeps Iuventutis' (Prince of youth).

Domitian, Titus Flavius Vespasian Caesar Domitianus, Denier 79 AD

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: Silver

Diameter: 19.00 mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 3.41 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: TTB +

Comments on the state of conservation: Beautiful specimen accurately centered on the right. Wear. Fine gray patina.

No reference in literature: C.393 (2 fr.) - RIC.246 - BMC/RE.269 - RSC.393 - RCV.2643

Titulature obverse: CAESAR AVG F COS VI DOMITINANVS.

Description obverse laureate head of Domitian right (O *).

Translation obverse: "Caesar Augusti Filius Domitianus Sextum Consul" (son of Augustus Caesar Domitian consul for the sixth time).

Titulature backhand PRINCEPS - IVVENTVTIS.

Description setback: Two hands clasped with a legionary eagle (aquila) placed on the prow of a ship.

Reverse translation: "Princeps Iuventutis" (Prince of youth).

Comment about this issue: This defeat is a very special sign that could be related to ships of "Speculatoria navigia" (Caesar 4, 26), also cited by Livy. It is very close to the denarius of Mark Antony (RCV 1484), where only the two clasped hands differ. Or, more simply, it can be appealed to the loyalty of the military to recognize the new rulers, as will a few years later with a Nerva denarius with exactly the same dream, the legend "CONCORDIA EXERCITVM" (RCV 3020 ). This type is included under Titus, with the mention of the seventh consulate of Domitian Caesar (see RRS. 2673). History: Domitian received the title of Caesar, then an heir of the Empire, along with his brother Titus in December 69 but was only present in Rome with his uncle Flavius Sabinus, who perished in the fire at the Capitol . It is proclaimed 'Princeps Iuventutis' (Prince of Youth), a title he retained even after the death of his father 79.After his brother Titus, 13 September 1981, some say murdered at the instigation of Domitian himself, he became Emperor for a lamentable reign ended by his assassination.

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Illyricum65

Dopo i Flavii, ecco il turno di Commodo:

Aureus 175-176, AV 7.29 g. COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust r. Rev. PRINCI – PI IV – ENTVTIS Altar inscribed FORT / REDV / CI. C 601. BMC M. Aurelius 652. RIC M. Aurelius 618. Calicó 2313 (this coin).

Very rare. Virtually as struck and almost Fdc

The altar on this aureus is dedicated to the safe return, the fortunae reduci, of the emperor from a foreign war. It provides a glimpse into the thoughts that must have preoccupied Romans at the end of A.D. 175: they eagerly awaited the return of Marcus Aurelius from his campaign against Germans, Quadi, Jazyges and Sarmatians on the empire’s northern frontier. This year’s campaign was particularly successful, as Commodus took the title Sarmaticus at the end of the season, but all knew it did not signal the end of the gruelling annual warfare of what became known as the Second Marcomannic War.

These wishes for safe return are expressed on denarii of Marcus Aurelius, but principally, it seems, on aurei and denarii of Commodus, the emperor’s son, who was in Rome the whole time since he was not old enough to assume the toga of manhood. In the capital, Commodus had been participating in spectacles of another kind, namely (as the principal reverse inscription celebrates) being made princeps iuventutis, receiving a shield from the equestrian order, and being enrolled in the priestly colleges.

Indeed, Commodus would not personally witness the terrors of war until 178, when he first accompanied his father to join the legions along the great river-border in the north. But when heirs are concerned, much of the honour and goodwill of an indulgent father is shared with an unqualified son. We see this not only in the extension of the fortunae reduci type to Commodus, who, in fact, was not returning from anything, but also in the obverse inscription, where he shares in his father’s hard-earned titles of Germanicus and Sarmaticus.

COMMODUS AS CAESAR, 166-177. AR Denarius, HRIC 89. /PRINC IVVENT, Commodus in military garb holding branch and scepter l., trophy of arms behind him. VF. Scarce

Quindi Geta:

GETA Lucius Septimius Geta Caesar and Publius, Denier, 200 AD

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: Silver

Diameter: 19.00 mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 3.34 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: TTB + / TTB

Comments on the state of conservation: Flan a bit wide. Cracks striking four, nine and eleven. Beautiful bust childish.No reference in literature: RCV.7196 ($ 120) - RIC.18 - BMC/RE.234 - H.2423 - RC.2018

Titulature obverse: P September GETA - CAES PONT.

Description obverse: Bust draped, bare head of Geta right, seen three quarters back (A 21).

Translation obverse: 'Publius Septimus Geta C sar و Pontifex' (Publius Septimius Geta Caesar pontiff).

Titulature setbacks: PRINCIPI IVV-ENTV-TIS.

Description backhand Geta standing left in military dress, holding a branch of the right hand and the haste left behind him a trophy at the foot of which a shield.

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of Youth).

Background: Geta, born 26 May 189, became Caesar in 198 and received the following year the title of Pontifex. He accompanies his father and brother in Britain from 208 and is high in augustat the following year. When Septimius Severus died at York on 4 February 211, the brothers bring their father's ashes in Rome and become co-emperors. But they hate each other. Finally, after a year of reign spouse, Caracalla killed his brother in the arms of their mothers. Geta is dedicated to 'damnatio Memori' (damnation of memory). His supporters are being systematically slaughtered.

Una "comparsa":

DIADUMENIANUS, AD 218

As Caesar, AD 217-218. Antoninianus; 5.32 g.

Obv. M OPEL DIADVMENIANVS CAES Radiate, draped and cuirassed youthful bust r.

Rev. PRINC IVVENTVTIS Diadumenian as Princeps Iuventutis, in military attire and cloak, standing l., holding spear in his l. hand, baton in his lowered r. hand; two standards at his r. side.

Excellent portrait. Large flan.

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Illyricum65

Ancora Diadumenian:

Diadumenianus, 218

d = 20 mm

When Caesar under Macrinus.

AR-Denar. 3.21 g.

Av: M OPEL ANT DIADVMENIAN CAES

Drap. Bust of Diadumenianus

Rv: PRINC IVVENTVTIS Diadumenianus as Princeps Iuventutis with standard and scepter standing frontal, head nr, r. from him two Standards.

RIC 102nd BMC 87th C. 3

E un altro augusto che non vide il trono:

MAXIMVS CESAR, Gaius Iulius Verus MaximusCésar (236-238) Denier, 237

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: Silver

Diameter: 19mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 2.86 g.

Rarity: R2

Comments on the state of conservation of broad flan. Beautiful portrait. Nice patina collection. No. in reference books: C.10 (20f.) - RIC.3 - BMC/RE.211 - RSC.10 - RC.2374 (£ 200)

Titulature obverse: MAXIMVS CAES GERM.

Description obverse: Bust draped, head bare Maxime right, seen three quarters back (A 21).

Translation obverse: "Maximus Caesar Germanicus" (Maxime Germanic Caesar).

Titulature backhand IVVENTVTIS PRINC.

Description setbacks:Maximus standing left, wearing military, holding a scepter short right hand and a section of the haste left behind, two military standards.

Reverse translation: "Principi Iuventutis" (Prince of youth).

Comment about this issue: Lightweight.

Comments: Maximus, the son of Maximin received the title of Caesar in 236 and takes the title of Prince of Youth. The following year, as his father, he received the title of Germanicus.

History: Maxime is the son of Maximin and Pauline. He received the title at 236 Caesar and that of Prince of youth. After the victory of Maximin Ier Thrace on the Germans, it is associated with his father who received the title of Germanicus. Maxine was murdered with his father, near Aquileia, to April 15 238.

MAXIMVS CESAR, Gaius Iulius Verus MaximusCésar (236-238) Sesterce, 237 AD

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: bronze

Diameter: 31mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 21.62 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: APC Starting bid: 250 € Estimate: 350 €

Realized price: 250 €

Comments on the state of conservation of broad flan. Beautiful portrait. Nice dark green patina. Well setback came to hitting. No. in reference books: C.14 (10f.) - RIC.13 - BMC/RE.213 - RC.2378

Titulature obverse: MAXIMVS CAES GERM.

Description obverse: Bust draped, head bare Maxime right, seen three quarters back (A 21); portrait C.

Translation obverse: "Maximus Caesar Germanicus" (Maxime Germanic Caesar).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS / S | C

Description setbacks:Maximus standing left, wearing military, holding a scepter short right hand and a section of the haste left behind, two military standards.

Reverse translation: "Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of Youth).

Comment about this issue: Lightweight.

Comments: acceded to Maxime césarat in February or March 236. The coinage in his name so began during the second show. The portrait of Maximus seems to follow the evolution of his father, with regular features, then, from the third issue, a profile characterized by a strong jaw. According to tradition, Maxim, Caesar and became heir to the imperial throne, receives the title "Prince of Youth." The rod that holds the back Maxime symbolizes the fate of the Empire. We find this attribute on the type PROVIDENTIA AVG explicit legend.

PHILIP II, Marcus Julius Philippus Caesar, Antoninianus, 246 AD

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: token

Diameter: 22mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 4.39 g.

Conservation status: TTB + / SUP

Comments on the state of conservation: Small concretions of gray-green to the right. Superb backhand. Beautiful portrait.No reference in literature: ROME 6 / 77 - C.48 (2 f.) - RIC.218 of rect.

Titulature obverse: CAES M IVL PHILIPPVS.

Description obverse: Bust canceled and drape of Philip II right, seen three quarters back (A21).

Translation obverse: "Marcus Iulius Philippus Caesar" (Mark Julius Caesar Philip).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI I-VVENT.

Description setbacks: Philip II in military dress standing left, holding a globe of the right hand and a haste to reverse the left.

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of youth).

History:Philip II, son of Philip the Arab and Otacilia Severa, Caesar was appointed shortly after the accession of his father who gave him the title of Prince of youth.

PHILIP II, Marcus Julius Philippus Caesar, Sestertius 246 AD

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: copper

Diameter: 30.00 mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 21.61 g.

Comments on the state of conservation: Beautiful portrait. Broad flan. Beautiful blue-green patina. Nice backhand.No reference in literature: a RIC.256 - C.49 (6f.) - HCC.15 pl.74 - RC.2659 - MRK .-

Titulature obverse: M IVL AVG PHILIPPVS.

Description obverse: Bust draped, bare head of Philip II Caesar right, seen three quarters back (A 21).

Translation obverse: "Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus" (Mark Jules Philippe Auguste).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI I-VVENTVT / S | C

Description setbacks:Philip, wearing military standing left, holding his right hand extended, and a globe in his left hand, a reversed haste.

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of youth).

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Herennius etruscus (Spring 250-06/251) Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Son of Decius Trajan Decius - Caesar, Antoninianus 251AD

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: token

Diameter: 21mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 3.76 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: SUP

Comments on the state of conservation: Portrait of high relief and patina collection. No reference in literature: RIC.144 b ® - C.20 - RSC.20 - HCC.9 - MAR.163

Titulature obverse: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C.

Description obverse: Bust removed and draped Herennius Etruscus right, seen three quarters back (A21).

Translation obverse: 'Quintus Decius Herennius Etruscus Messius nobilissimus Caesar' (Quintus Decius Herennius Etruscus Méssius noble Caesar).

Titulature backhand IVVENT PRINC.

Description backhand half-naked Apollo seated left, holding a laurel branch in his right hand and leaning on a lyre.

Reverse translation:'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of youth).

History: Herennius received the title of Caesar in the course of the year 250 and became noble when he left Rome in April or May 251 to fight the Goths with his father. He was killed there. Trajan Decius was the first emperor to die in combat. Christians saw it as a sign of divine vengeance.

Hostilianus (251) Quintus Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius son of Trajan Decius - Caesar (03-/06/251)

Sestertius, 251 AD

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: copper

Diameter: 26mm

Axis corner 1h.

Weight: 17.33 g.

Rarity: R2

Conservation status: VG +

Comments on the state of conservation of rectangular flan. Brown patina. Beautiful portrait. Although come to hitting the back. No reference in literature: ROME 9 / 83 - RIC.215a ® - HCC.9 - RC.2764 - C.31 (15f.)

Titulature obverse: C VALENS HOSTILE MY QVINTVS N C.

Description obverse: Bust draped, head bare, Hostilianus right, seen three quarters back (A 21).

Translation obverse: 'Quintus Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius nobilissimus Caesar' (Quintus Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius noble Caesar).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS / / SC.

Description setbacks:Apollo half-naked seated left, holding a laurel branch in his right hand and leaning on a lyre.

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of youth).

History: Hostilianus, second son of Trajan Decius and Caesar became Etruscille at the end of the year 250, perhaps when his brother Herennius Etruscus received the title of Augustus. When Trajan and his eldest son left Rome to fight the Goths and find death Hostilianus remained in Rome with his mother.

Volusian (06/251-06/253) Caius Gallus Vibius Afinius Vendumnianus Volusianus Augustus (11/251-05/253)

Antoninianus 251 No brm_200304

Date: 251

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: token

Diameter: 21mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 3.21 g.

Rarity: R2

Conservation status: APC

Comments on the state of conservation: Copy ideally centered on a blank oval. Nice portrait. Fine gray patina. Price: 125,00 € No reference in literature: RIC.183 (R2) - ROME / 11 - - MRK.84 / 28 - C.101 - RCV.9764

Titulature obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG.

Description obverse: Bust removed, wrapped and battleship Volusien right, seen three quarters back (A21).

Translation obverse: "C Imperatori و sari Vibio Volusiano Caio Augusto" (A Caesar Emperor Gaius Vibius Volusien August).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS.

Description backhand Volusien standing left, holding a stick in his right hand and a spear in his left hand.

Reverse translation:"Principi Iuventutis" (The Prince of youth).

Comment about this issue: A rare setback associated with a right Volusien August. This is the first time we offer for sale!. History: Volusien, Caesar proclaimed the accession of his father, became August after the death of Hostilianus in November 251. He was assassinated along with his father.

VALERIEN II, Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus Caesar (256-258), Antoninianus 256 AD

Workshop Name: Workshop II in Asia

Metal: token

Diameter: 20.50 mm

Axis corner 5h.

Weight: 3.54 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: SUP

Comments on the state of conservation: Nice portrait on a blank wide and comprehensive. Very nice side of high relief. With all his silver. Has been lightly cleaned. Weak strike on the legend on the reverse.No reference in literature: RIC.49 - c.67 (3f.) Salonin - Alfldi4 P. 130, pl. 26 / 4 - RSC.67 - RC .-

Titulature obverse: VALERIANVS NOBILE CAES.

Description obverse: Bust of Valerian removed and draped II right, seen three quarters back (A21).

Translation obverse: 'C Valerianus nobilissimus Caesar (Valerian noble Caesar).

Titulature backhand IVVENTVTIS PRINC.

Description setbacks:Valerian II, Laura, dressed in military, holding a shield and haste of the left hand and a crown in his right hand, crowning a trophy on the left.

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of youth).

History: Valerian Young received the title of Caesar in 256 and 'Princeps Iuventutis'. He went to the front Danube where he died in 258.

VALERIEN II, Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus Caesar antoninianus (256-258)

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: token

Diameter: 21.50 mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 3.19 g.

Rarity: R2

Conservation status: APC

Comments on the state of conservation: Very beautiful portrait. With its silver. Wide and complete blank on both sides. Striking soft in the center of the cuff.No reference in literature: RIC.23 - C.70 - RSC .- - Eauze1589 - MIR.36/253 h (7 ex.)

Titulature obverse: PCL VALERIANVS NOB CAES.

Description obverse: Bust deleted, draped and cuirassed of Valerian II right, seen three quarters back (A2).

Translation obverse: "Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus nobilissimus و C sar" (P. Cornelius Licinius Valerian noble Caesar).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI I-VVENT.

Description setbacks:Valerian II, bareheaded, wearing military standing left, holding a stick in his right hand and a haste to reverse the left hand.

Reverse translation: "Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of Youth).

Comment about this issue: This seems much more rare than suggested by the general books.

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Tetricus II Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus Caesar (273-274) Antoninianus

Date: c. 272 - 274

Workshop Name: Trier

Metal: token

Diameter: 18.5 mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 2.17 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: VG +

Comments on the state of conservation of irregular flan. Nice backhand. Brown patina. No reference in literature: RCV.11289 - RIC.260 - E.781 - Cunetio2619 - AGK.6

Titulature obverse: C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES.

Description obverse: Bust removed and draped Tetricus II right, seen in three quarters before (A2).

Translation obverse: "Gaius Pius Esuvius Tetricus Caesar" (Gaius Caesar Pius Esuvius Tetricus).

Titulature setbacks: PRINC IVVENT.

Description backhand Tetricus II militarily dressed, standing left, holding a branch of the right hand and a scepter in the left vertical.

Reverse translation:"Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of youth).

History: If I became Tetricus August's death Victorin Tetricus II did not become Caesar than to 273. The following year brought an end to the Aurelian Empire Gauls after the Battle of Chalons-sur-Marne and took people from Tetricus and son. They took part in the triumph of Aurelian in Rome in late 274. Afterwards, they both had life saving and continued a senatorial career.

Saloninus, Publius Licinius Cornelius Saloninus Valerianus Caesar (259-260), antoninianus

Date: 259-260

Workshop Name: Milan

Metal: token

Diameter: 20.5 mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 3.07 g.

Rarity: R2

Comments on the state of conservation: Copy centered on a blank oval. Very beautiful portrait. Gray patina.No reference in literature: RIC.10 - C.61 - MIR.36/939 z - RCV.10770 - Eauze1545

Titulature obverse: SAL VALERIANVS CS.

Description obverse: Bust Salonin removed and draped right, viewed from three quarters back (A21).

Translation obverse: "C Saloninus Valerianus Caesar" (Salonin Valerian Caesar).

Titulature backhand IVVENT PRINC.

Description backhand Salonin, wearing military standing left, holding a stick in his right hand and a cross haste with his left hand on his right, a sign.

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of youth).

History: Salonin was raised to césarat after the death of his brother, Valerian II. Sent into Gaul, under the protection of mere general Posthumus then, he was proclaimed August after the capture of Valerian I in June or July 260. Posthumus, proclaimed August in turn besieged Salonin and put him to death.

Florianus (06-08/276), Marcus Annius Florianus

Date: 276

Workshop Name: Ticinum

Metal: token

Diameter: 22mm

Axis corner 5h.

Weight: 3.50 g.

Rarity: R2

Conservation status: VG +

Comments on the state of conservation of broad flan. Patina gray-green with metallic sheen. No reference in literature: C. - - RIC .- - .- HCC - The Venera. II.2/2662 - LV.2027

Titulature obverse IMP M ANNIV FLORIANVS AVG.

Description obverse: Bust of Florien canceled at right, with cuirass, seen in three quarters before (B).

Translation obverse: 'Imperator Marcus Caesar Annius Florianus Augustus' (The Emperor Marcus Annius Florien August).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI I-VVENTVT / / PTI.

Description backhand Florien in military dress standing left, holding a globe of the right hand and a haste reversed from the left.

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of Youth).

History:Florien, praetorian prefect of Tacitus, was certainly not his brother or half-brother because he does not even gentile he (Claudius / Annius). He could not hold on to power as Emperor Probus was acclaimed and he was assassinated by his own soldiers at Tarsus. The currency continued to be struck after his death, perhaps until late September or early October.

CARINVS (10/282-09/285), Marcus Aurelius Caesar Carinus (10/282-03/283)

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: token

Diameter: 20.50 mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 3.23 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: TTB +

Comments on the state of conservation: Flan broad, oval and flattened at the top. Beautiful portrait. Reversal of late style. Pretty dark olive green patina. No reference in literature: C.84 var. - RIC.158 - The Venera. IV/2076 (27 ex.)

Titulature obverse: M April CARINVS NOB CAES.

Description obverse: Bust deleted, draped and cuirassed Carin Caesar right, seen in three quarters before (A).

Translation obverse: "Marcus Aurelius Carinus nobilissimus و C sar" (Marcus Aurelius Carin noble Caesar).

Titulature setbacks: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTI / KAE.

Description setbacks:Carin standing in front, turned left, Laura and militarily dressed, holding a sign with his right hand and a scepter in his left hand.

Reverse translation: "Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of youth).

Comment about this issue: Lightweight. History: Carin, elder son of Carus, was proclaimed Caesar in October 282 and was given the title of Prince of youth. He became Augustus in 283.

CARINVS (10/282-09/285) , Marcus Aurelius Caesar Carinus (10/282-03/283)

Workshop Name: Ticinum

Metal: token

Diameter: 22.00 mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 4.37 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: TTB +

Comments on the state of conservation of Specimen on a broad flan with a weak and irregular type. Very beautiful portrait. Nice backhand. Dark brown patina smoothed.No reference in literature: c.97 - RIC.182 c - HCC.17 var. - RCV.12302 - The Venera. IV/368

Titulature obverse: M April CARINVS NOB C.

Description obverse: Bust deleted, draped and cuirassed Carin right, seen in three quarters before (A).

Translation obverse: 'Marcus Aurelius Carinus nobilissimus و C sar' (Marcus Aurelius Carin noble Caesar).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI IV VENTVT / / TXXI.

Description setbacks:Carin, laureate head, standing left, wearing military, holding a globe in his right hand and left hand haste at her feet, left, a captive sat with his hands tied behind his back.

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of youth).

History: Carin, elder son of Carus, was proclaimed Caesar in October 282 and was given the title of Prince of youth. He became Augustus in 283.

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Numerian (12/282-11/284), Marcus Aurelius Caesar Numerianus (12/282-03/283)

Workshop Name: Rome

Metal: token

Diameter: 21.00 mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 2.88 g.

Rarity: R1

Comments on the state of conservation oval flan. Very beautiful portrait. Gray-green patina. No reference in literature: RC.3425 var. - RIC.361 - The Venera. IV/2036 - C.76 - ROME 14./293

Titulature obverse: M NVMERIANVS NOB C.

Description obverse: bust of Numerian Caesar struck the right, with cuirass and paludamentum seen three quarters back (A2).

Translation obverse: 'Marcus Aurelius Numerianus nobilissimus Caesar' (Marcus Aurelius Numerian very noble Caesar).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI IVVENTVT / / KA.

Description setbacks: Numerian, wearing military, standing left, holding a stick in his right hand and scepter transverse in left.

Reverse legend: [D].

Reverse translation: 'Principi Iuventutis' (Au Prince of Youth).

History: Numerian is the younger son of Carus, was born circa 253. He was named Caesar in December 282. He received the title of prince of youth and was accepted as pontiff in major priestly colleges. After his appointment to césarat he accompanied his father in the East in December 282. They came to Antioch in February or March next year. Numerian found himself raising the augustat in March 283.

CONSTANTIUS CHLORUS, AD 305

As Caesar, AD 293-305. Aureus, AD 294; 5.35 g.

Obv. DN CONSTA-NTIO CAES Laureate, bearded head r.

Rev. PRINCIPI IVV-ENTVTIS / PROM Constantius as Princeps Iuventutis, in military attire and with cloak, wearing boots, standing facing, bare head turned l., holding spear in his l. hand, standard with his outstretched r. hand.

A very rare and perfect coin.

CONSTANTINVS (25/07/306-22/05/337), Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus, 311-312 AD

Workshop Name: London

Metal: copper

Diameter: 22.50 mm

Axis corner 7am.

Weight: 4.24 g.

Conservation status: SPL / TTB +

Comments on the state of conservation on a blank copy centered on both sides. Very beautiful portrait. Hits a little soft on the reverse. Glossy brown patina with a metallic sheen.No reference in literature: C.431 - RIC.227 - TCRB.778

Titulature obverse: CONSTANTINVS P AVG.

Description obverse: Bust lauré battleship and Constantine I right, seen in three quarters before (B *).

Translation obverse: "Constantinus Pius Augustus" (Constantin piles August).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI IV VENTVTIS / -|*// PLN.

Description backhand lauré Constantine, wearing military standing left, holding a globe of the right hand and a haste to reverse the left hand.

Reverse translation:"Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of youth).

CONSTANTINVS(25/07/306-22/05/337), Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus , Follis, 310-311 AD

Workshop Name: Lyon

Metal: copper

Diameter: 21.50 mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 3.76 g.

Conservation status: SPL / SUP

Comments on the state of conservation on a blank copy broad, oval, the reverse occurred at 2 hours, perfectly centered on both sides with beads visible. Beautiful portrait. Weak strike on legends. Nice backhand style end. Glossy brown patina with a metallic sheen. No reference in literature: B.535 pl. LX-LXI (47 ex.) - RIC.305 and 306 - C. -

Titulature obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG.

Description obverse: Bust lauré and draped August Constantine I right, seen three quarters back (A * 21).

Translation obverse: "Imperator Constantinus Pius Felix Augustus" (Emperor Constantine piles happy August).

Titulature setbacks:PRINCIPI VENTVTIS IV / F | T / / PLG.

Description setbacks: Constantine I, dressed in military, standing right, holding a cross haste with his right hand and a globe in his left hand.

Reverse translation: "Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of youth).

With its silver surface. Type 3 ribbons. The armor is not visible under the paludamentum, it could be a bust (A * 21) draped only. On the reverse the letters in the field F | T could be the initials of "Felicitas Temporum" to Felicity time. We noted no liaison pertinent corner.

CONSTANTINVS (25/07/306-22/05/337) Flavius Valerius ConstantinusAuguste, Follis, 308 AD

Workshop Name: Lyon

Metal: copper

Diameter: 26.5 mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 7.17 g.

Conservation status: SUP Starting price: 150 € Estimate: 250 €

Realized price: 175 € Number of bids: 6 Offer Maximum: 175 €

Comments on the state of conservation: Flan for this very large type, centered on the right, slightly off the cuff. Portrait of high relief. Hits a little soft and weak on the back, especially on the legend. Very nice dark olive green patina, slightly grainy. No. in reference books: B.483 c pl. LIV (21 ex.) (This ex.) - RIC.273 - C -

Titulature obverse IMP C CONSTANTINVS PF AVG.

Description obverse: Bust lauré, draped and cuirassed August of Constantine I right, seen in three quarters before (A * 2).

Translation obverse: "C Imperator Constantinus Pius Felix و sar Augustus" (Emperor Caesar Augustus Constantine piles happy).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI - IV-VENTVTIS / -|-// PLG.

Description setbacks: Constantine I, dressed in military standing left, holding in each hand a military ensign.

Reverse translation: "Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of youth).

Comments: The nineteenth issue occupies the first half of the year 308. It is important. Dr. Bastien had identified 385 wild in 1989. But in fact most of the known material belongs to Constantine I crazy. We have a total of 237 wild for twelve varieties of setbacks over the two groups in this issue. With twenty-one copies, we have only one variety for our type (B. 483) with Constantine set out to reverse this follis. The title "Principi Iuventutis" is normally reserved for more Caesars. Constantine I, however, assumes the title when he became August 25 December 307.

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CRISPUS, Flavius Julius Crispus Caesar (317-326), Follis, 317-318 AD

Workshop Name: Trier

Metal: copper

Diameter: 19.5 mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 3.74 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: SUP

Comments on the state of conservation: Very beautiful portrait. Gray patina green with metallic sheen. Indulgence strike back at the legends. Price: 55,00 € No reference in literature: RIC.170 (R2) - C.91

Titulature obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES.

Description obverse: Bust lauré, draped and cuirassed of Crispus Caesar right, seen in three quarters before (A *).

Translation obverse: 'Flavius Iulius Crispus nobilissimus و C sar' (Flavian Julius Caesar Crispus noble).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI I-VVENTVTIS / F | T / / BTR.

Description backhand Crispus standing right, wearing military, holding a globe of the left hand and a haste cross with his right hand.

Reverse translation:"Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of youth).

CRISPUS, † AD 326, As Caesar, AD 317-326. Nummus, AD 317; Aquileia; 3.32 g.

Obv. CRISPVS NOB CAES Laureate, draped and cuirassed youthful bust r.

Rev. PRINCIPIA IV-VENTVTIS / AQT Crispus as Princeps Iuventutis helmeted, standing l. in military attire, wearing boots, holding spear in his l. hand, large shield at his side with his r. hand.

Nice portrait. Fully silvered.

Extremely fine

Reference:RIC VII, 393, 9

.

CONSTANTINVS II (1/03/317-04/340)

Flavius Claudius Constantinus Julius Caesar (1/03/317-9/09/337)

Follis or nummus 317 No brm_109219

Date: 317

Workshop Name: Trier

Metal: copper

Diameter: 20mm

Axis of the corner 12.

Weight: 2.82 g.

Rarity: R1

Conservation status: SUP

Comments on the state of conservation: Beautiful portrait unusual. Nice dark green patina. Very beautiful portrait.No reference in literature: 14./345 ROME - RIC.173 (R4) - c.143

Titulature obverse: FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C.

Description obverse: Bust bareheaded, draped and cuirassed Constantine II right, seen in three quarters before (A °).

Translation obverse: 'Flavius Claudius Constantinus juniores nobilissimus و C sar' (Claude Constantin Flavien the young noble Caesar).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPI. IVVENTVTIS / F | T / /. ATRs.

Description backhand Constantine II standing right, wearing military, holding a cross haste with his right hand and a globe of the left.

Reverse translation:"Principi Iuventutis" (Au Prince of youth).

E infine chiudo in bellezza con un solido:

GRATIANVS (24/08/367-25/08/383) Flavius Gratianus Solidus, 367 AD

Workshop Name: Belgium, Trier

Metal: Gold

Diameter: 21mm

Axis corner 6am.

Weight: 4.47 g.

Rarity: R3

Conservation status: SUP

Comments on the state of conservation of Specimen on a broad flan and focused on both sides, perfectly centered. Very beautiful portrait of Gratian unusual. Lapel style end with a tiny scratch behind the emperor. Retains much of his brilliant strike and cut its origin. No. in reference books: C.28 var. (35f.) - RIC.13 b ® - Dep.26 / 4, pl. 2 - MRK.158 / 4

Titulature obverse DN GRATIA-NVS PF AVG.

Obverse description:Bust diadem, draped and cuirassed right, seen three quarters back (A'a) pearl tiara.

Translation obverse: "Dominus Noster Pius Felix Augustus Gratianus" (Our Lord Gratien piles happy August).

Titulature backhand PRINCIPIVM IVVENTVTIS / -|-// SMTR.

Description backhand Gratien wearing military standing right, holding a globe of the left hand and a haste cross with his right hand.

Reverse translation: "Principium Iuventutis" (Prince Of Youth).

Comment about this issue:

Comments: For this type of solidus, there are two variants of setbacks with or without halo around the head of Gratian.The show SMTR seems to divide into two distinct phases. Our kind belongs to the first arrival of Valentinian I and Gratian October 8 367. Valentinian, Valens and Gratian are found associated to this issue, but production had to be low because we have a total of six copies for Gratien with this setback and two variants (with or without halo).

History: Gracian, born in 359, was appointed August 8 years. Become a Senior Augustus after the death of his uncle in 378, he had to share power with his half-brother Valentinian II and Theodosius chose to assist him in the East. He deleted in 378 of the chamber the statue of Victory, pagan reference to him. After the revolt of Magnus Maximus, he fled but was murdered in Lyon August 25 383.

Ciao a tutti

Illyricum

:)

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Modificato da Illyricum65
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Mirko8710

Grazie infinite Illyricum per questo excursus a riguardo di questo rovescio.

Qualche considerazione.

Inizialmente sulle monete si nota una preferenza per le rappresentazioni sceniche, con elmi, Princeps a cavallo, busti al Dritto e Rovescio. Tra questi interessanti sono quelli con lo scudo EQUESTER OR DO, chiaramente riferiti alla carica principesca e molto più strani quelli con rovescio sacerdotale di Nerone.

Questi portano: SACERD COOPT IN OMN CONL SVPRA NVM EX, che sciolto dovrebbe essere "Sacerdos Cooptatus In Omnia Collegia Supra Numcrum" con rappresentati un Simpulum al di sopra di un Tripode e un Lituus sopra una patera. Ora io mi chiedo, come mai gli strumenti sacerdotali tipici dei sacrifici o comunque delle cerimonie degli Auguri, venivano associate ai Principi? Forse un rito di iniziazione? Anche perché questo Rovescio associato al PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS appare solo con Nerone.

Secondo, domanda più storica, chi erano i sacerdoti Sovrannumerari e quali erano i loro compiti? In rete l'unica cosa che ho trovato fa riferimento all'Opus Dei e sono i sacerdoti che impiegano il loro denaro per il collegio.

Passando oltre, da Vespasiano iniziano le personificazioni, Spes (Speranza) e Venere, la protettrice (?).

Oltre i Flavi la legenda è prettamente associata a campagne militari e a trofei, a puntualizzare la "potenza" e l'importanza del Principe nell'Impero.

Modificato da Mirko8710

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Mirko8710

Ho notato, inoltre, che Costantino ha emesso una moneta con legenda: PRINCIPI IVVENT B R P NAT, "al Principe dei Giovani nato per il bene dell'Impero". Il problema è che non sono riuscito a trovare immagini di questa moneta da nessuna parte. Ora sarei curioso...

E grazie al buon Nikko ecco qua questa moneta, molto interessante. Grazie ancora!

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crivoz

Certo che chi ha "rimodellato" il sesterzio (e in particolare il ritratto) di Nerone da giovane, quello con al rovescio EQVESTER / OR-DO / PRINCIPI / IVVENT andrebbe bandito.

Una moneta interssante di per se ma resa orrenda dalla "chirurgia plastica" applicata alla moneta

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